Pogledaj Full Version : Who took the first shots in WW2?

Željko Zidarić
4th-June-2012, 05:13 PM
1. The Chetniks existed far longer than did the Ustasa

2. Serbs began with masacress in Croatian villages near Mostar: Ilići and Cim, at April 10, 1941 ( on the day when NDH is proclaimed in Zagreb, so no atrocities by Ustaše could be made simply because most of Ustaše were still in Italy ).

Chetnik units, which were part of the regular army of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and were designated for "special actions", and individual Chetnik commanders, during the Derventa retreat, killed 17 Croatian civilians, five women among them on April 11-13, 1941; killed three Croatian women, a young girl among them on April 11 in Siveric; on April 9, 28-29, killed three Croatian civilians and wounded one near Bjelovar; from April 13-15, killed 20 Croatians, 5 Muslims and burned 40 houses near Capljina; on April 15, killed 5 Croatian civilians, one woman among them near Mostar, and burned down the Croatian villages of Cim and Ilici. Such murders occurred in other places indicating what was to soon follow.

on June 30, 1941, Stevan Moljevic, one of the main Chetnik ideologists and national leaders, formed the project, "Homogeneous Serbia", in which the Chetnik program regarding borders, the social system and foreign policy of Greater Serbia in the re-established Yugoslavia were outlined. The project proposes that "... today the first and fundamental responsibility is imposed upon Serbians: to create and organize a homogeneous Serbia which will encompass the entire ethnic territory in which Serbians live...." This meant annexing Bosnia and Herzegovina and a greater part of Croatia to Serbia through "migration and transfer of inhabitants" and cleansing. All this was expressed cartographically in a special propaganda leaflet together with a corresponding text.

In July and the beginning of August 1941, a general Serbian rebellion occurred in almost all of the B-H and Croatian territory where the population was predominantly Serbian. The chief initiators and leaders of the rebellion were leaders of the Communist Party, and this the CK KP (Central Committee of the Communist Party) in Croatia and the Regional Committee of the KPJ (Communist Party of Yugoslavia) for Bosnia and Herzegovina as parts of the CK KPJ, even though there were places where the rebellion occurred spontaneously, and some places where Chetniks themselves headed the rebellion. At that time and in those regions, it was the Serbian population which almost exclusively participated in the rebellion. There were only some individuals and smaller groups of other nationalities, primarily members of KPJ and SKOJ (League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia), who were involved in the rebellion. The crimes of the Ustasa Regime against the Serbian people were stressed as the main reasons for the rebellion with the goal of overthrowing the NDH and the re-establishment of Yugoslavia.

At the same time, a group of Serbian nationalists who had escaped from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia into the annexed part of Dalmatia and linked itself with the Italian government, sent the Italian government in Rome a petition asking for the Italian army to occupy and annex Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dalmatia, Lika, Kordun, and Banija, and to overthrow the NDH government in those territories.8 The Italian government used this for its expansionist pretensions and pressures on NDH in negotiations upon the outbreak of the rebellion, as well as for negotiations, cooperation and organization of Chetniks on its annexed and occupied territory in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

From the beginning until the end of the war, members of the Chetnik movement intentionally equated the entire Croatian and Muslim people with the Ustasa Regime by accusing them of the Ustasa crimes against Serbians in the NDH with an attempt to justify their own crimes using these formal reasons. The Chetnik movement was comprised of armed and political organizations which appeared on NDH territory shortly after the capitulation of Yugoslavia and the proclamation of the NDH and was active until the end of the war.

From HDA,ZKRZ GUZ no. 5228/46, box 144; Ministry of Foreign Affairs NDH, No.V.T. 320/1942, box 3:

Željko Zidarić
4th-June-2012, 06:55 PM
Who was who in Ustasa:

President of the NDH Nazi-fascist state was Poglavnik Ante Pavelic, who was born in Bradina, BiH.
Vice-President, from November, 1941 to April, 1945, was Bosnian Muslim Dzafer Kulenovic, born in Bihac, BiH.
Minister of the Interior was Andrija Artukovic, born in Ljubuski, Bosnia-Hercegovina.

The top leaders of the NDH were thus not from Croatia proper, but were all Bosnians from Bosnia-Hercegovina. This is a fact that has been overlooked in any analysis of the NDH. This fact is crucial, however, in understanding what occurred in Bosnia during World War II. Being Bosnians, Pavelic and Artukovic were determined to create a Greater Croatia, Velika Hrvatska, which would include all of Bosnia-Hercegovina. These leaders came from the regions of Bosnia-Hercegovina which suffered the most under Greater Serbian actions against Muslims and Croats.

June 6, 1941, In a speech given in Gospic, Mile Budak, the Minister of Education, Religion, and Culture in the NDH and Doglavnik, or deputy leader, of the NDH. outlined the official government policy or program of genocide against the Serbian population as follows:

"One-third of the Serbs we shall kill, another we shall deport, and the last we shall force to embrace the Roman Catholic religion and thus melt them into Croats."

August 14, 1941, in a speech in Vukovar, Ante Pavelic explained the policy of genocide against the Serbian population:

"This is now the Ustashi and Independent State of Croatia. It must be cleansed of Serbs and Jews. There is no room for any of them here. Not a stone upon a stone will remain of what once belonged to them."

April 25, 1941, under decree law No. XXV-33Z, the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet was outlawed and Orthodox Serbs were forced to wear a blue arm band with the letter “P” for Pravoslavac, Orthodox.