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Pogledaj Full Version : Non-Violent Struggle: 50 Crucial Points



Željko Zidarić
28th-May-2012, 09:10 PM
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A Strategic Approach to Everyday Tactics

Table of Contents

Introduction: how to read this book? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

I Before you Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Chapter 1. Introduction to Strategic Nonviolent Conflict . . . . . . . 14
Chapter 2. The Nature, Models and Sources of Political Power . . . . . 24
Chapter 3. Pillars of Support: how Power is Expressed . . . . . . . . 32

II Starting Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Chapter 4. Assessing Capabilities and Planning . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Chapter 5. Planning Skills: The Plan Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Chapter 6. Targeted Communication:
Message Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Chapter . Let the World Know your Message:
Performing Public Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

III Running a Nonviolent Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . 2
Chapter 8. Building a Strategy: From Actions to Campaigns . . . . . 6
Chapter 9. Managing a Nonviolent Campaign: Material Resources . . .86
Chapter 10. Managing a Nonviolent Campaign: Human Resources . . . 94
Chapter 11. Managing a Nonviolent Campaign:
Time as a Universal Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Chapter 12. Building the Real-Field Campaign
and the Inverse Planning Model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

IV Working Under Repression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Chapter 13. Working Under Repression:
Morale and Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Chapter 14. Working Under Repression:
Responding to the Opponent`s Sanctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

V Next Steps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Chapter 15. how to Use This Book:
The “ART” Model of Multilevel Knowledge Transfer . . . . . . . . . 142
Chapter 16. how to Use This Book:
Online Learning and Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Annex:
I Methods of Nonviolent Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
II 10 Years of Nonviolent Conflict in Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168




This book is a primer on applying strategic nonviolent action in real campaigns. The techniques outlined in the following 15 chapters have been used successfully in many parts of the world. The British historian Eric Hobsawm described the twentieth century as the “age of extremes” because of the devastating wars waged in the last hundred years and the influence of extreme ideologies which were used to justify the destruction of entire peoples, classes and faiths. At the same time, the spread of democracy and economic prosperity has transformed much of humanity. Today, the potential for ruinous conflict persists - but so also does the opportunity for nonviolent alternatives.

Contained in the book are lessons learned from many long and difficult nonviolent struggles against nondemocratic regimes and other opponents of basic human freedoms. The book is written for those activists who are already working or are considering working on establishing freer and more open and equitable societies.
Fifty crucial points about strategic nonviolent action are presented in three thematic sections. The first, “Before You Start,” provides you with a basic conceptual and analytical framework. The second, “Starting Out,” teaches you the basic skills that successful practitioners of strategic nonviolent action have mastered, such as crafting a message and planning public actions. The third section, “Running the Nonviolent Campaign,” teaches you more advanced skills, such as managing a nonviolent campaign. The fourth section, “Working Under Repression,” offers guidelines for how to do your work as safely as possible. The last section suggests concrete ways to upgrade your skills and knowledge.

Chapters within the sections are organized around answering key questions: if you understand the answer to a question, you understand a crucial point about strategic nonviolent action. You can either read a specific question that interests you, or an entire chapter or section. To help you, each point is first explained, and then illustrated with an example, a case study, or a practical exercise that helps to develop your skills and knowledge. Additionally, emphasize practical advice, important material appears in a series of short tips, which can be easily remembered and applied.

The authors hope and believe that communicating crucial points in this way will help you learn how to operationalize strategic nonviolent action, so that you can win your rights, overcome repression, resist occupation, achieve democracy or establish justice in your lands - thus making another “age of extremes” unlikely.



Section Outline: Before you Start

Coups d’état, terrorist attacks, conventional wars or even the use of horrible weapons of mass destruction are all ways of struggling for political power. In this book, you will learn about another way: strategic nonviolent struggle.

In order to conduct a nonviolent struggle, you first need to understand the nature of political power. Developing this knowledge is crucial, since one of the main objectives of any struggle is either to obtain political power, or to deny it to somebody else.

After you understand the models, nature and sources of political power, you will then learn about the organizations and institutions through which power is exercised, called “pillars of support.” At the end of the section you will discover what lies at the heart of political power -obedience - and understand that if people do not obey, the ruler cannot rule!

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